As an example, consider a person riding a bicycle, with the individual acting like the electric motor. If that person tries to ride that bike up a steep hill in a gear that is servo gearbox created for low rpm, she or he will struggle as
they try to maintain their balance and achieve an rpm that will allow them to climb the hill. However, if they shift the bike’s gears into a swiftness that will create a higher rpm, the rider will have
a much easier period of it. A continuous force could be applied with smooth rotation being provided. The same logic applies for industrial applications that require lower speeds while keeping necessary

• Inertia complementing. Today’s servo motors are producing more torque in accordance with frame size. That’s because of dense copper windings, lightweight materials, and high-energy magnets.
This creates greater inertial mismatches between servo motors and the loads they are trying to move. Utilizing a gearhead to raised match the inertia of the motor to the inertia of the load allows for using a smaller electric motor and outcomes in a far more responsive system that's easier to tune. Again, this is achieved through the gearhead’s ratio, where in fact the reflected inertia of the strain to the engine is decreased by 1/ratio2.

Recall that inertia is the way of measuring an object’s resistance to improve in its motion and its own function of the object’s mass and shape. The greater an object’s inertia, the more torque is needed to accelerate or decelerate the thing. This means that when the strain inertia is much larger than the electric motor inertia, sometimes it could cause extreme overshoot or enhance settling times. Both conditions can decrease production collection throughput.

However, when the engine inertia is larger than the strain inertia, the engine will need more power than is otherwise essential for this application. This raises costs because it requires paying more for a motor that’s bigger than necessary, and since the increased power consumption requires higher working costs. The solution is to use a gearhead to complement the inertia of the motor to the inertia of the load.